Rosyani1, Rukayah Rofiq2 and Heiko Faust3
1Lecturer University of Jambi, 2Setara Foundation and 3Lecturer University of Goettingen
RSPO is a voluntary certification for sustainable palm oil production for both companies and smallholders. In Indonesia, 112 companies have obtained RSPO certifications such as Asian Agri group, Wilmar group and Sinar Mas group. In contrast, very few smallholders have obtained the RSPO certification. Smallholders, particularly independent smallholders faced several problems including limited funds, knowledge, land titles, seedlings, pesticide usage, fertilization, and documentation. Nevertheless, in Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia, there are two Gapoktan that have been certified by RSPO. They are Gapoktan Tanjung Sehati Merangin District in Jambi Province obtaining RSPO certification in 2012; and Gapoktan Usaha Berkah. Corresponding to the aforementioned problems, it is important to know how the farmers can sustain (or continue) the RSPO Certification.
This study observed Gapoktan Tanjung Sehati consisting of 214 households, of which 69 households were sampled to represent the population. The objectives are to study Gapoktan Tanjung Sehati in terms of the motivation to obtain RSPO certification and also their motivation to countinue RSPO certification. Strategies undertaken in maintaining RSPO certification in the long term were explored. Focus group discussions were conducted to collect important data from key informants. Data were analyzed using SWOT analysis.
This study showed that sustaining RSPO Certification and meeting its Principles and Criteria (P&C) depended on several factors. They were the availability of global strategies for independent smallholders, supporting policies and supports from local government, the development of facilities and programs of science and technology (IPTEK). Operationally, to encourage the implementation of the RSPO Certification, development strategies are necessary, such as: